Fast algorithms for robust classification with Bayesian nets
Authors: Alessandro Antonucci and Marco Zaffalon
Abstract: We focus on a well-known classification task with expert systems based on Bayesian networks: predicting the state of a target variable given an incomplete observation of the other variables in the network, i.e., an observation of a subset of all the possible variables. To provide conclusions robust to near-ignorance about the process that prevents some of the variables from being observed, it has recently been derived a new rule, called conservative updating. With this paper we address the problem to efficiently compute the conservative updating rule for robust classification with Bayesian networks. We show first that the general problem is NP-hard, thus establishing a fundamental limit to the possibility to do robust classification efficiently. Then we define a wide subclass of Bayesian networks that does admit efficient computation. We show this by developing a new classification algorithm for such a class, which extends substantially the limits of efficient computation with respect to the previously existing algorithm. The algorithm is formulated as a variable elimination procedure, whose computation time is linear in the input size.
Details: International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 44(3), 200-223.
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