FMS is a general gradient-based method for finding low-complexity networks with high generalization capability. FMS finds a large region in weight space such that each weight vector from that region has similar small error. Such regions are called ``flat minima''. In MDL terminology, few bits of information are required to pick a weight vector in a ``flat'' minimum (corresponding to a low-complexity network) -- the weights may be given with low precision. FMS automatically prunes weights and units, and reduces output sensitivity with respect to remaining weights and units. Previous FMS applications focused on supervised learning [13,14].
Notation. Let denote index sets for output, hidden, and input units, respectively. For , the activation of unit is , where is the net input of unit ( for and for ), denotes the weight on the connection from unit to unit , denotes the activation function, and for , denotes the -th component of an input vector. is the number of weights.
FMS' objective function features an unconventional error term: